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Glossary

Term Definition
Binder Maintains the physical state and texture of the product.
CAS-Number The Chemical Abstract Service registry number of the ingredient. The CAS numbers are unique numerical identifiers for single substances including compounds, polymers, chemical elements, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), a division of the American Chemical Society, assigns these identifiers to every chemical that has been described in the literature. The intention is to make database searches more convenient, as chemicals often have many names.
Cigarette Paper Cigarette paper is wrapped around the tobacco rod to form a cigarette. It contains materials found in all forms of paper, such as cellulose, but may also include materials that influence how quickly and regularly the cigarette burns or that stabilize the ash.
CoE Number The Council of Europe identifying number of a material listed in the Council of Europe's reports on Chemically-defined flavoring substances and Natural Sources of Flavorings.
Combustion Modifier Is the function for an ingredient that influences how the product burns.
FEMA Number The Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association reference number of the ingredient. The Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) is a United States business association that, among other activities, evaluates the safety of flavors.
Fibre Maintains the physical state and texture of the product.
Filler Contributes to the bulk of the product without contributing significantly to odor, taste, flavor or aroma.
Filter Adhesives Attaches the tipping paper to the filter and the tobacco rod.
Filter Overwrap A special paper wrapper put around the filter to hold it together during manufacture.
Filtration Material The filter material reduces the amount of smoke constituents, such as tar and nicotine, as tobacco smoke passes through it. The most common filtration material used is cellulose acetate fibre. Plasticizers are added to bind the fibres together to form the filter. Some of our brands, have charcoal in their filters. This charcoal removes certain volatile chemicals from tobacco smoke.
Fine Cut Tobacco Tobacco which is used by smokers to make Roll-Your-Own and Make-Your-Own products.
Flavors Flavor ingredients, such as cocoa, sugars and menthol, give the cigarette its unique taste.
Formulation Aids Ingredients that help to improve the manufacturing process, such as cellulose which is used to give strength to reconstituted tobacco sheets.
Humectants Humectants, such as glycerol, are ingredients which keep the moisture level of the tobacco constant, thereby ensuring that tobacco products remain at optimal quality for the smoker.
Make-Your-Own Products Cigarettes made by hand using Fine Cut Tobacco and a pre-prepared tube made of Cigarette Paper and a Filter.
Menthol Application Menthol can be added via the filter, inner foil of the pack or directly into the tobacco. In cases where the ingredient is added via the filter or inner foil of the pack, the ingredient quantity has been calculated from the specified application level of the ingredient to the filter/inner foil of the pack.
Monogram Inks Some cigarettes have printing on the cigarette paper to identify the brand. These inks contain different color pigments (e.g. blue, red, black). The amount of monogram ink used on a cigarette is very small.
Non-tobacco Components In addition to tobacco ingredients, cigarettes can have "Non-tobacco materials" such as cigarette paper and filters which contain ingredients as well. These components are purchased from suppliers, many of whom consider the ingredients in their materials to be valuable trade secrets.
Preservatives Preservatives protect the product from deterioration caused by micro-organisms.
Processing Aids Processing aids are substances used to facilitate the manufacturing process and which meet all of the following criteria; (i) have an intended function during the manufacturing process, (ii) have no function in the final product, (iii) are absent, or present at only technically unavoidable levels, in the final product.
QNE (%) The quantity not exceeded (QNE) for each particular ingredient expressed in percentage (%) of a product. Quantity not exceeded is the maximum amount of each ingredient added to any brand sold in a particular country – it does not necessarily reflect the actual level of use in any particular product.
Roll-Your-Own Products Cigarettes made by hand using Fine Cut Tobacco, a Cigarette Paper and sometimes a Filter.
Side-seam Adhesives Small amounts of adhesive (glue) ensure that the cigarette paper is fixed around the tobacco and holds the tobacco rod in shape.
Solvents Solvents are used to dissolve and dilute other ingredients.
Tipping Paper and Tipping Paper Inks The filter and tobacco rod are held together by tipping paper, often with an imitation cork pattern printed in inks on it. This paper may also have holes in it to admit air.